What is achilles tendon?

The Achilles tendon, also known as the calcaneal tendon, is the largest and strongest tendon in the human body, it connects the two major calf muscles—the gastrocnemius and soleus—to the back of the heel bone.These tendon plays a crucial role in enabling various movements of the foot and ankle, particularly during activities like walking, running, jumping, and standing on tiptoe.

Common cause of achilles inflammation (tendonitis)

achilles tendon
  1. Overuse and Repetitive Stress: Excessive or repetitive activities like running, jumping, or walking long distances, can lead to inflammation and tendonitis.
  2. Sudden Increase in Physical Activity: A sudden increase in the intensity or duration of physical activities, such as running longer distances or increasing the frequency of workouts, can strain and increase the risk of tendonitis.
  3. Poor Footwear: Wearing shoes that do not provide proper support or have inadequate cushioning can place extra stress on the Achilles tendon.
  4. Abnormal Foot Mechanics: Individuals with certain foot conditions, such as overpronation (excessive inward rolling of the foot) or high arches, may be more prone to Achilles tendonitis due to altered biomechanics.
  5. Tight or Weak Calf Muscles: Both tight and weak calf muscles can contribute to Achilles tendon problems. Tight calf muscles can increase strain on the tendon, while weak muscles may not provide adequate support.
  6. Age and Degeneration: As people age, the Achilles tendon can become less flexible and more prone to injury. Degeneration of the tendon can contribute to the development of tendonitis.
  7. Inadequate Warm-Up and Stretching: Failing to warm up adequately before exercise or not stretching properly can increase the risk of injury.
  8. Running on Hard Surfaces: Running on surfaces that do not absorb shock well, such as concrete, can increase the impact on the Achilles tendon.
  9. Previous Injuries: People who have had prior Achilles tendon injuries may be more susceptible to developing tendonitis in the future.

The symptoms

Achilles tendinitis causes dull or sharp pain anywhere along the back of the tendon, typically in close proximity to the heel. Other indications of Achilles tendinitis comprise restricted ankle flexibility, a burning sensation or redness in the back of the lower leg area, the presence of a nodule (a lumpy accumulation of scar tissue) that is palpable on the tendon, or the occurrence of a cracking sound (caused by scar tissue rubbing against the tendon) when you move your ankle. Pain in the lower section of the Achilles area is of greater concern due to the limited blood flow to that region.

How to prevent from achilles tendon inflamed

Preventing Achilles tendonitis often involves maintaining a balance between activity and rest, wearing appropriate footwear, and performing calf and Achilles tendon stretches. If you experience symptoms of Achilles tendonitis, it’s essential to rest, apply ice, and seek medical advice to prevent the condition from worsening and to receive proper treatment.

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